Enjoy basic public services is the basic right of each citizen, ensuring that everyone’s basic public services is an important responsibility of the government.
A few days ago, the National Basic Public Service Standard (2021 Edition) "(hereinafter referred to as" standard ") is announced, which clarifies the basic standards for providing basic public service projects at present.
"Develop national basic public service standards is my country’s guarantee and improvement of people’s livelihood innovation." At 21, China New Office Press Conference, Zhao Chen, Secretary General of the National Development and Reform Commission, said: "Standard" has become a basic government The important basis for public service responsibilities and people enjoy the rights of corresponding rights is an important initiative to promote basic public services.
"9 aspects, 22 major categories, 80 service items, clear the basic public service standard system based on national basic public service standards", based on the "13th Five-Year Plan".
The bed number of every thousand health care institutions in my country reached Zhang, and the national radio and television comprehensive coverage rate is more than 99%. Most regions realize the basic balanced development of compulsory education within the county.
A series of major institutional arrangements such as the basic living guarantee of the people’s basic living guarantees of the large disease insurance system, social assistance system, and pension management services are gradually established. my country has also built the largest social security system in the world. As of the end of 2020, the minimum living guarantee of my country’s urban and rural residents reached 678 yuan / month and 5962 yuan / year, basic pension insurance, basic medical insurance, unemployment insurance and work injury insurance reached 100 million, 100 million people respectively , Billion people and billions.
The "14th Five-Year Plan" is clearly proposed. To the end of "14th Five-Year Plan", "the basic public service is equivalent to improve"; "to 2035," basic public service achievement is equal. "
To this end, 20 departments of the Ministry of National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Education and the National Health Committee jointly studied the "standard". "Standard" covers young breeding, learning to teach, labor-owned, medical treatment, old, living, resident, weak and other "seven", and excellent service guarantee, Cultural services guarantee "two guarantees", a total of 9 aspects, 22 categories, 80 service items. "Standard" clarifies that the government’s basic public service projects and bottom line standards at all levels must be guaranteed at this stage, allowing local governments to maintain basic people’s livelihoods’ focusing? "Zhao Chenzu said that" standard "is conducive to guiding the provision of central requirements, checking deficiency, optimizing resource allocation, using limited financial resources to the most concerned areas, the most critical link in life, to take the bottom line of people’s livelihood basic life. More than 30 million elderly people enjoy the "one old" issue of "an old one".
"Standard" makes corresponding regulations in children’s care services, elderly health management.
Old, the government provides 1 lifestyle and health status assessment, physical examination, auxiliary inspection and health guidance for 65 years old and above, and has a health guide, a physical examination, auxiliary inspection and health guidance for 65 years old and above. Health guidance. In terms of young education, the government provides 13 free health checks for children aged 0-6 years old in the jurisdiction, providing 2 Chinese medicine nutrients every year in children aged 0-3.
"Standard" is also clear that children’s care services include basic living security of special children, difficult children’s protection and rural left-behind children care protection. Among them, the object of the basic living guarantees of special children’s groups is orphans, HIV infected children and truth, no one. "At present, there are more than 60,000 people in the country, and the average security standard is per month; there are 10,000 social dissipation orphans, and the average security standard is a monthly basis for each person; there are thousands of facts unmanned children into the scope of protection. The guarantee criteria are determined by the principles connected in accordance with the basic living expenses of the orphans.
"Feng Yaping, Director of the Civil Affairs Planning and Finance Division.
The government provides endowment service subsidies for elderly people in economic difficulties; providing nursing subsidies for elderly people who are not self-careless, and have been issued for elderly ages for 80 years old.
"Specifically, the evaluation method and subsidy standard are formulated by the local people’s government." Feng Yaping introduced that according to incomplete statistics, as of the end last year, there were more than 30 million elderly people in the country enjoyed the benefits subsidies, effectively alleviating the actual life of some elderly. The next CCD will jointly relevant departments, unify the assessment of the elderly, improve the elderly welfare subsidy system, encourage conditions for the expansion of the benefits of the elderly benefits, and strive to open friends and family in all regions before this year Under the line, solve the difficulties due to application subsidies due to intelligent technology to apply for subsidies. Chronic diseases that gradually establish rural low-income group housing safety guarantees have become a major public health issue that endangers people’s physical health. According to statistics, the top three of urban and rural residents have been in the past 10 years, the top three of the mortality rate of urban and rural residents are heart disease, malignant tumors and cerebrovascular diseases.
The serious complications of hypertension and type 2 diabetes are mainly cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, while cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases account for more than 40% in urban and rural residents.
"Standard" is clear, the health management of patients with Chinese and above is 35-year-old and above, the health management of patients with blood pressure and type 2 diabetes, is provided by the medical service system. Patients can nearby community health services or township health institutions, village health centers. Room gets the corresponding free health service.
"For high-risk populations, free hypertension testing, fasting blood sugar testing. Once diagnosed, we provide 4 free follow-up for patients with high blood pressure, diabetes patients." Guantang, head of the National Health Committee, introduced Gao Guangming, In 2020, more than 100 million patients with high blood pressure in urban and rural communities were more than 35 million patients with type 2 diabetes. The medical staff will conduct a more comprehensive health check at the inclusive patient in the management scope after follow-up. Having living is also the expectation of the masses’ good life.
The "standard" clarifies that public rental housing security, urban shantytown housing transformation and three basic public service projects in urban shanty household renovation and rural dilapidated housing are guaranteed to ensure basic housing demand for difficult people. Pan Wei, the head of the Ministry of Housing and Construction, said that with the completion of the poverty reduction, the renovation of rural dangerous houses is adjusted to rural low-income groups, including rural vulnerable poor poor, rural low-income households, rural dispersion support special difficult personnel, and Family, which has serious difficulties in basic life due to serious or income caused by rigid expenditures such as accidents. "In order to maintain the continuation of the policy, the support of rural low-warrant margins and unavailable rural housing security policy and rely on their own strength cannot solve the problem of housing safety issues, and gradually establish a long-term root of rural low-income group housing security. Mechanism, in order to consolidate expand the poverty achievements, continue to promote rural comprehensive revitalization. "Pan Wei said.
(Editor: Ma Jianhui, Chen Mingju).