Thickness and reasonable nutrition for the elderly
With the improvement of living standards, people’s health consciousness is also getting stronger and stronger. The preference for coarse grains and less for fine grains has become a contemporary trend of health care.
Coarse grains are simple to process and contain many nutrients that are not found in fine grains. Food fibers penetrate and cause B vitamins and minerals.
Many coarse grains also have medicinal value: American scientists have found that oat bran can lower blood lipids and blood sugar, which is beneficial to diabetes.
A survey by Harbin Medical University also showed that buckwheat is more beneficial for diabetes.
And corn can accelerate intestinal peristalsis, which is beneficial to detoxification in the body, thereby reducing the chance of colon cancer.
In addition, it can effectively prevent hyperlipidemia, arteriosclerosis, gallstones, etc.
Therefore, eating more coarse grains is a good choice for the elderly who are prone to obesity, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and constipation.
However, in the long-term, the elderly eat too much coarse grains, which is also bad for their health.
This is because the elderly have their own special characteristics when strengthening nutrition.
In the elderly, its metabolic rate decreases, its physiological function declines, and its ability to regulate and adapt to the digestive system also declines.
These physiological changes cause corresponding changes in the nutritional needs of the elderly.
Therefore, the elderly still need to exercise restraint in eating coarse grains.
First of all, coarse grains contain higher dietary fiber, which is beneficial to relieve senile constipation.
However, if you eat too much high-fiber food for a long time, the long-term high protein supplementation will be blocked, the slight supplementation will be greatly reduced, and the lack of trace elements will affect the heart, bones and other organ functions, as well as the hematopoietic function. Anemia will occur, which will reduce the body’s immunityforce.
At present, the Food and Agriculture Organization’s guidelines for fiber foods recommend that daily diet should contain 30?
Generally speaking, for every 100g of food, bran contains 18g of fiber and soy contains 11.
9 grams, buckwheat contains 6.
5 grams, cornmeal contains 2.
1 gram, Xiaomi contains 1.
Food mixes 6 coarse grains and 4 fine grains.
From a nutritional point of view, corn, millet, soybeans, etc. alone are not as good as mixing them in a certain proportion for high nutritional value, because mixing can make proteins play a complementary role.
The Laba porridge, Babao porridge, rice millet porridge, buckwheat noodles, white noodles, bean noodles, white noodles, etc. that we often eat in our daily life are very scientific coarse and fine grains mixed with food.
In addition, you should supplement minerals in time while eating coarse grains.
The higher phytic acid content in buckwheat, oats, and corn can hinder the absorption of calcium, iron, zinc, and phosphorus, and affect the metabolism level of internal minerals. Therefore, the elderly should increase the absorption of these minerals when eating coarse grains.